1. Python Errors

modulenotfounderror no module named ‘xhtml2pdf’

xhtml2pdf is a HTML to PDF converter using Python, the ReportLab Toolkit, html5lib and PyPDF3. It supports HTML5 and CSS 2.1 (and some of CSS 3). It is completely written in pure Python, so it is platform independent.

The main benefit of this tool is that a user with web skills like HTML and CSS is able to generate PDF templates very quickly without learning new technologies.

The Python ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘xhtml2pdf’ occurs when we forget to install the xhtml2pdf module before importing it or installed it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install xhtml2pdf command.

Open your terminal in your project’s root directory and install the xhtml2pdf module.

# 👇️ in a virtual environment or using Python 2
pip install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version)
pip3 install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you get permissions error
sudo pip3 install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip in your PATH environment variable
python -m pip install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version)
python3 -m pip install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ for Anaconda
conda install -c conda-forge xhtml2pdf

The Python error “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named xhtml2pdf” occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the xhtml2pdf package installed by running pip install xhtml2pdf.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you’re using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.
  5. Naming your module xhtml2pdf.py which would shadow the official module.
  6. Declaring a variable named xhtml2pdf which would shadow the imported variable.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

# 👇️ Checking version of python
python –version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4

So I would install the xhtml2pdf package with pip3.10 install xhtml2pdf

pip3.10 install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X)
sudo pip3 install xhtml2pdf

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I’m using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip.

# 👇️ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10
python3 -m pip install xhtml2pdf

If the “No module named xhtml2pdf” error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can check if you have the xhtml2pdf package installed by running the pip show xhtml2pdf command.

# 👇️ check if you have xhtml2pdf installed
pip3 show xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip setup in PATH
python3 -m pip show xhtml2pdf

The pip show xhtml2pdf command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you are installing xhtml2pdf in your virtual environment and not globally.

You can try creating a virtual environment if you don’t already have one.

# 👇️ use correct version of Python when creating VENV
python3 -m venv venv

# 👇️ activate on Unix or MacOS
source venv/bin/activate

# 👇️ activate on Windows (cmd.exe)
venv\Scripts\activate.bat

# 👇️ activate on Windows (PowerShell)
venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1

# 👇️ install xhtml2pdf in virtual environment
pip install xhtml2pdf

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error persists, make sure you haven’t named a module in your project as xhtml2pdf.py because that would shadow the original xhtml2pdf module.

You also shouldn’t be declaring a variable named xhtml2pdf as that would also shadow the original module.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the xhtml2pdf package and then install it.

# 👇️ check if you have xhtml2pdf installed
pip3 show xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip show xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ uninstall xhtml2pdf
pip3 uninstall xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip uninstall xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ install xhtml2pdf
pip3 install xhtml2pdf

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip install xhtml2pdf

Try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the xhtml2pdf package.

pip3 install xhtml2pdf –upgrade

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip install xhtml2pdf –upgrade

Conclusion

The Python “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named xhtml2pdf” occurs when we forget to install the xhtml2pdf module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install xhtml2pdf command.

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