1. Python Errors

modulenotfounderror no module named ‘babel’

Babel is an integrated collection of utilities that assist in internationalising and localising Python applications, with an emphasis on web-based applications.

The Python ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘babel’ occurs when we forget to install the babel module before importing it or installed it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install babel command.

Open your terminal in your project’s root directory and install the babel module.

# 👇️ in a virtual environment or using Python 2
pip install babel

# 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version)
pip3 install babel

# 👇️ if you get permissions error
sudo pip3 install babel

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip in your PATH environment variable
python -m pip install babel

# 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version)
python3 -m pip install babel

# 👇️ for Anaconda
conda install -c conda-forge babel

The Python error “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named babel” occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the babel package installed by running pip install babel.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you’re using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.
  5. Naming your module babel.py which would shadow the official module.
  6. Declaring a variable named babel which would shadow the imported variable.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

# 👇️ Checking version of python
python –version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4

So I would install the babel package with pip3.10 install babel

pip3.10 install babel

# 👇️ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X)
sudo pip3 install babel

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I’m using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip.

# 👇️ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10
python3 -m pip install babel

If the “No module named babel” error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can check if you have the babel package installed by running the pip show babel command.

# 👇️ check if you have babel installed
pip3 show babel

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip setup in PATH
python3 -m pip show babel

The pip show babel command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you are installing babel in your virtual environment and not globally.

You can try creating a virtual environment if you don’t already have one.

# 👇️ use correct version of Python when creating VENV
python3 -m venv venv

# 👇️ activate on Unix or MacOS
source venv/bin/activate

# 👇️ activate on Windows (cmd.exe)
venv\Scripts\activate.bat

# 👇️ activate on Windows (PowerShell)
venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1

# 👇️ install babel in virtual environment
pip install babel

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error persists, make sure you haven’t named a module in your project as babel.py because that would shadow the original babel module.

You also shouldn’t be declaring a variable named babel as that would also shadow the original module.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the babel package and then install it.

# 👇️ check if you have babel installed
pip3 show babel

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip show babel

# 👇️ uninstall babel
pip3 uninstall babel

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip uninstall babel

# 👇️ install babel
pip3 install babel

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip install babel

Try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the babel package.

pip3 install babel –upgrade

# 👇️ if you don’t have pip set up in PATH
python3 -m pip install babel –upgrade

Conclusion

The Python “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named babel” occurs when we forget to install the babel module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install babel command.

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