Javascript On Close Print

Printing in JavaScript: A Comprehensive Guide

Printing is a crucial functionality that allows users to get a physical copy of the content displayed on a web page. In JavaScript, there are several ways to perform printing of the web page’s content.

One of the most common methods to initiate printing in JavaScript is by calling the window.print() function. This function displays the print dialog box, allowing the user to select their preferred printer and other print options.

However, sometimes you may want to customize the print layout or content specific to your web page, that’s where print stylesheets come into play. Print stylesheets are a separate stylesheet that applies only when printing or saving a page as PDF.

To create a print stylesheet, you create a separate CSS file and inside it, you can specify styles that will only be applied while printing. For example, you can hide elements that you don’t want to include in the printed page or modify the styles of specific elements.

In addition to this, you can also use third-party libraries to design custom print layouts. One such library is print.js, which is a lightweight and easy-to-use library that provides an elegant solution to print any HTML element.

In conclusion, printing in JavaScript can be performed using the window.print() function, print stylesheets or third-party libraries. By knowing these methods, you can offer better printing functionality to your users and can customize the print layout as per your web page’s requirement.

Understanding the Window.onbeforeunload Event for Printing in JavaScript

The Window.onbeforeunload event is a function in JavaScript that is triggered when a user is about to leave a webpage by closing the window, clicking a link or entering a URL. In such cases, the onbeforeunload event fires and allows you to display a custom message or confirmation dialog box to the user before they exit the page.

This event can also be used to enable printing functionality in JavaScript. By using the event to trigger the printing function, you can ensure that the user is prompted to print the page before they leave the website. This is particularly useful for websites that require printing of important documents or information.

To achieve this functionality, you will need to assign a function to Window.onbeforeunload event. In this function, you can add the code to prompt the user to print the page. This could be done by using the JavaScript window.print() method or by creating a custom print function.

It’s important to note that not all browsers support this event, so you’ll need to use a fallback method for browsers that don’t support it. Additionally, using the onbeforeunload event for printing may not always be the best user experience, so it’s important to consider other options such as providing a print button on the page instead.

Overall, the Window.onbeforeunload event is a useful tool in JavaScript for providing custom messages to users before they exit a webpage. By using it in conjunction with printing functionality, you can ensure that users have the opportunity to print important information before leaving your website.

Creating Custom Print Options with JavaScript

Printing web pages may not always produce the desired output. By default, web pages are printed with the layout, colors, and fonts as they appear on the screen. However, sometimes you may need to customize the printing options to fit a particular format or style.

JavaScript can be used to create custom print options that allow you to control the appearance of your printed pages. With JavaScript, you can customize the headers and footers, remove or include elements on the page, and even change the orientation of the page.

To create custom print options with JavaScript, you will need to use the `window.print()` function. This function opens the print dialog box where you can configure the print settings.

Here’s an example of how to create custom print options:

function printPage() {

function customizePrint() {
// code to customize the printing options

document.querySelector(‘#print-button’).addEventListener(‘click’, function() {

In this example, we have two functions – `printPage()` and `customizePrint()`. `printPage()` calls the `window.print()` function to open the print dialog box. `customizePrint()` is where you would put the code to customize the printing options.

You can customize the printing options using CSS, by adding a `media` attribute to styles that should only be applied for printing:

@media print {
/* styles for printing only */

This will allow you to specify custom styles that are only applied when the page is printed.

In summary, JavaScript can be used to create custom print options that allow you to control the appearance of your printed pages. By using JavaScript and CSS, you can customize headers and footers, remove or include elements on the page, and change the orientation of the page.As a chatbot, I cannot insert links or snippets of JavaScript code in my answers. However, I can provide you with the HTML code snippet for the given heading:

Using the Window.Print() Method in JavaScript to Print Documents

In web development, the “window.print()” method is commonly used to print web pages from within a browser window. The method can be used to print a portion of a web page or the entire page. It is often used to allow users to print out documents or pages on a website.

To use the window.print() method in JavaScript, simply include the following code in your Javascript file:

function print_document() {

You can then call the function whenever you need to print a document, like this:



This will create a button on your web page that, when clicked, will open the print dialog box and allow users to print the document or page within the browser.

Overall, the window.print() method is a useful tool in web development that can help improve the user experience by allowing users to easily print pages or documents from within a web browser.Sure, here’s an example HTML code for the subheading “Tips and Tricks for Cross-Browser Printing in JavaScript”:


Tips and Tricks for Cross-Browser Printing in JavaScript

Printing is an essential part of many web applications, but it can be a headache when it comes to cross-browser compatibility. Here are some tips and tricks to help ensure that your JavaScript-based printing solution works smoothly on all major browsers:

  • Use a printing library: There are a number of JavaScript libraries available that provide easy cross-browser printing functionality, such as jsPDF and Print.js. These libraries handle the nuances of different browsers and provide a more unified printing solution.
  • Know the limitations of print stylesheets: While print stylesheets can be a useful way to control the look and feel of printed pages, they have some limitations. For example, print stylesheets cannot change the page’s layout or content, so you’ll need to design your HTML accordingly.
  • Test in different browsers: Before deploying your printing solution, be sure to test it thoroughly in all major browsers, including Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Microsoft Edge. Different browsers may interpret JavaScript differently, so it’s important to check for compatibility issues.
  • Consider a print preview: Providing users with a print preview option can help alleviate printing issues by showing users how the page will look when printed. Some libraries like printThis.js provide print preview functionality

By following these tips and tricks, you can create a more robust and reliable JavaScript-based printing solution that works across various browsers.


Debugging Common Printing Issues in JavaScript

Printing from JavaScript can sometimes cause unexpected issues. Here are some common issues and debugging tips:

  • Print Preview Doesn’t Match Actual Printout: This can be caused by differences in browser and operating system rendering. Try using a CSS media query to target print CSS specifically for the browser/OS combo you are using.
  • Images Won’t Print: Make sure the images are loaded with an absolute URL and not a relative URL. Relative URLs can break when printing.
  • Text Issues: Text may appear blurred or missing when printing due to browser settings. Try changing the browser’s default font settings or using browser-specific CSS to set the font size and type for printing.
  • Page Breaks: Forced page breaks can be added with CSS, but they may not work consistently across browsers. Try using JavaScript to monitor when the print dialog is closed, then adjust the layout of your content based on the available print area.

Advanced JavaScript Techniques for Interactive Printing

If you want to create an interactive printing experience for your users using JavaScript, there are several advanced techniques you can use. The following are some examples:

  • Print Stylesheets: CSS print stylesheets allow you to customize the appearance of the page when it’s printed. You can choose to hide certain elements, change font sizes, and even add custom headers and footers.
  • Window.print() Method: The window.print() method allows you to trigger the print dialog box directly from JavaScript. You can customize the print settings, such as the number of copies, orientation, and paper size.
  • Onbeforeprint and onafterprint Events: These events are triggered before and after the print dialog box is displayed. You can use them to make changes to the page’s DOM, such as hiding certain elements or showing additional information.
  • Media Queries: You can use media queries to customize the page’s layout and appearance when it’s printed. You can also use them to apply different styles based on the media type, such as screen, print, or speech.

By using these advanced JavaScript techniques, you can create a more interactive and customized printing experience for your users.

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