Get Url Domain Javascript

The Basics of Getting URL Domain in JavaScript

When working with URLs in JavaScript, you may need to extract the domain name or the hostname from a given URL. Thankfully, JavaScript provides several built-in methods that make it easy to get the domain from a given URL.

The window.location Object

The easiest way to get the domain from a URL in JavaScript is to use the window.location object. This object contains information about the current URL, including the domain, pathname, and protocol. Here’s an example:

const domain = window.location.hostname;
console.log(domain); // Output: “”

The URL Object

Another way to get the domain from a URL in JavaScript is to use the URL object. This object provides a convenient way to parse and manipulate URLs. Here’s an example:

const url = new URL(“”);
const domain = url.hostname;
console.log(domain); // Output: “”

Regular Expressions

If you need more control over how the domain is extracted from a URL, you can use regular expressions (regex). Here’s an example that uses regex to extract the domain:

const url = “”;
const domain = url.match(/^(?:https?:\/\/)?(?:[^@\n]+@)?(?:www\.)?([^:\/\n]+)/im)[1];
console.log(domain); // Output: “”

These are the basics of getting the domain from a URL in JavaScript. Depending on your specific use case, one of these methods may be more appropriate than the others. Experiment with each one and see which works best for you.

Here’s the HTML code for the content with the subheading “Exploring JavaScript’s Built-in Methods for URL Domain Extraction” in a blog post titled “Get URL Domain JavaScript”:


Exploring JavaScript’s Built-in Methods for URL Domain Extraction

When working with URLs in JavaScript, it’s often helpful to extract the domain name from the full URL. Luckily, JavaScript provides a few built-in methods that make this task relatively easy.

The first method we can use is location.hostname. This method returns the domain name of the current webpage, so it’s perfect if you need to extract the domain of the page the user is currently on:

const currentDomain = window.location.hostname;

If you need to extract the domain name from a URL string, you can use the URL constructor along with the hostname property:

const url = new URL('');
const domain = url.hostname;

This method works well for URLs that include the protocol (http or https) and the path, but it does require parsing the URL string.

If you only have the domain name as a string, you can use the split method along with the indexOf method to extract the domain name:

const url = '';
const domain = url.split('.').slice(-2).join('.');

This method splits the domain name using the period as a delimiter, then selects the last two elements (which should be the second-level domain and the top-level domain), and finally joins them back together with a period.

These are just a few of the built-in methods that make it easy to extract domain names from URLs in JavaScript. With a few lines of code, you can extract the domain from the current webpage, a URL string, or a domain name string.


Extracting Specific URL Domains in JavaScript: Tips and Tricks

In various web development projects, it is often required to extract a specific domain from a URL. JavaScript provides several built-in functions and methods that can help you accomplish this task. Here are some tips and tricks to help you extract specific URL domains in JavaScript:

  • Using the location object: The built-in location object in JavaScript provides various properties such as hostname, host, href and others that can be used to extract URL domain. For example, to extract the domain from the current URL, you can use the following code:
     let domain = location.hostname;
  • Using Regular Expressions: Regular expressions are a powerful tool in JavaScript that can be used to match patterns in strings, including URLs. Here’s an example code snippet that extracts the domain name from a given URL using a regular expression:
     let url = '';
     let domain = url.match(/^(?:https?:\/\/)?(?:[^@\n]+@)?(?:www\.)?([^:\/\n?]+)/img)[0];

By using the above methods, you can effectively extract specific URL domains in JavaScript according to your project needs.

Understanding Regex Patterns for Efficient URL Domain Extraction

Regular expressions or regex patterns are a powerful tool that can be used for efficiently extracting relevant information from a large dataset. One of the most common use cases of regex is extracting domain names from URLs. In JavaScript, regex patterns can be used for easily extracting the domain name from a given URL.

The following regex pattern can be used for extracting the domain name from a given URL:


This pattern checks whether the URL starts with “http://” or “https://”, and then extracts the domain name following it. It also takes into account the “www.” prefix in domain names.

Using a regex pattern for extracting the domain name is much more efficient than splitting the URL into an array and checking for all possible domain prefixes. It is also much more accurate, since it can handle URL variations like subdomains and different top-level domains.

By understanding and using regex patterns, developers can improve the efficiency and accuracy of their URL domain extraction methods.

Using Third-Party Libraries for URL Parsing in JavaScript

If you need to parse URLs in your JavaScript code, you can use third-party libraries to make the process easier and more reliable. While JavaScript has some built-in methods for working with URLs, they may not always provide the functionality you need. This is where third-party libraries come in.

One popular library for URL parsing in JavaScript is URI.js. With URI.js, you can easily extract various components of a URL, such as the protocol, hostname, path, query parameters, and fragment identifier. It also has a number of convenient methods for modifying URLs, such as adding or removing query parameters, and encoding or decoding URL components.

Another popular library for URL parsing is parseuri.js. This library is lightweight and easy to use, and can be used both in the browser and in Node.js. It provides a simple interface for parsing URLs into their component parts, and also supports modifying and serializing URLs.

Before you choose a library for URL parsing in JavaScript, it’s important to consider your specific needs and requirements. Some libraries may be better suited for certain use cases than others, depending on factors such as performance, file size, and ease of use.

Common Use Cases for URL Domain Extraction in Web Development

URLs (Uniform Resource Locators) are strings that specify the location of a resource on the internet. In web development, it is often necessary to extract various information from a given URL. One of the most commonly required pieces of information is the domain name.

Here are some common use cases for URL domain extraction:

  • Content categorization: Websites often categorize their content based on the domain name of the URLs. For example, a news website may categorize its articles into different sections based on which news agency it was sourced from.
  • Analytics: URL domain extraction is useful for web analytics. Tracking website traffic from different domains can provide useful insights for website owners and marketers.
  • Security: Checking the domain name against a blacklist or whitelist can help prevent security issues such as phishing attacks.
  • Geolocation: Some websites offer different content or services based on the user’s geographic location. Extracting the domain name can help identify the user’s country and city.

JavaScript provides a built-in method for extracting the domain name from a URL. The method is called location.hostname.

For example:

// Get the domain name of the current page
const domain = location.hostname;
console.log(domain); // Outputs ""

Best Practices for Implementing URL Domain Extraction in JavaScript

When it comes to extracting domains from URLs using JavaScript, there are certain best practices to follow to ensure that your code is effective and efficient. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Use a regular expression to extract the domain from the URL. This is the most reliable and efficient way to do it.
  • Include error handling in case the URL is not in the correct format or if there is an issue with the regular expression.
  • Consider using a library such as tldjs for more advanced domain extraction capabilities, such as parsing subdomains.
  • Test your code thoroughly to ensure that it is working correctly and efficiently.
  • Consider the security implications of using JavaScript to extract domains from URLs, particularly if the URLs are user-supplied. Make sure to sanitize inputs to avoid any potential security vulnerabilities.

By following these best practices, you can extract domains from URLs in a reliable, efficient, and secure manner using JavaScript.

Leave a Comment