Get Id From Url Javascript

Overview: Understanding the Concept of URL and IDs in Javascript

When working with Javascript, it is important to have a clear understanding of URLs and IDs. URLs or Uniform Resource Locators are unique addresses that identify resources on the internet. In the context of web development, URLs are used to identify web pages, images, scripts, and other resources that make up a website.

IDs, on the other hand, are unique identifiers assigned to HTML elements. They can be used to manipulate elements using Javascript. IDs are essential for performing tasks such as styling, animation, and user interaction.

When working with Javascript, you may need to extract information from a URL or manipulate HTML elements using their IDs. Understanding the concepts of URL and IDs is crucial for working effectively with Javascript.

Methods to Fetch IDs from URLs using Vanilla JavaScript

When it comes to retrieving IDs from URLs using Vanilla JavaScript, there are several methods available to you:

  • Using the window.location.href property: This method involves accessing the current URL of the page using the window.location.href property, and then extracting the ID using string manipulation techniques such as regular expressions or the substring() method.
  • Using the URLSearchParams API: This relatively new API provides a more structured approach to working with query parameters in URLs. You can use the URLSearchParams.get() method to extract the ID from the URL.
  • Using the URL object: This is another relatively new API that provides a way to extract information from URLs in a more structured manner. You can use the URL.searchParams.get() method to extract the ID from the URL.

Each of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of method will depend on your specific use case. However, the important thing to remember is that with Vanilla JavaScript, you have a range of options available to you for fetching IDs from URLs.

Query String Parameters: A Better Way to Get IDs from URLs

When it comes to getting IDs from URLs, many developers tend to rely on regular expressions or string manipulation to extract the ID from the URL. However, there is a better way to achieve this: query string parameters.

Query string parameters are commonly used to pass data between different pages or components in web applications. They are a key-value pair defined after the URL path and are separated by a question mark ‘?’ and ampersand ‘&’. For example:

In this example, the query string parameter ‘id’ has a value of ‘1234’. To extract this value in JavaScript, we can use the built-in URLSearchParams object.

const params = new URLSearchParams(;

This code creates a new URLSearchParams object, which takes the query string portion of the current URL as an argument.

Once we have the URLSearchParams object, we can use the ‘get’ method to retrieve the value of the ‘id’ parameter:

const id = params.get('id');

Now the ‘id’ variable contains the value ‘1234’, which we can use in our application as needed.

Using query string parameters to extract IDs from URLs is a cleaner and more reliable method compared to regular expressions or string manipulation. It also allows for passing multiple parameters and values easily, making it a powerful tool for web development.

How to Extract IDs from Nested URLs using Regular Expressions

If you’re building a web application, it’s likely that you’ll need to work with URLs in your JavaScript code. One common task is to extract a specific ID from a nested URL. For example, say you have a URL like this:

You might want to extract the ID 42 from the URL so you can use it in your application. One way to do this is with regular expressions.

Regular expressions are a powerful tool for working with text in JavaScript. They allow you to search for patterns in a string and extract specific substrings based on those patterns. Here’s an example regular expression that will match the ID in the example URL:


Let’s break down how this regular expression works:

  • / – Start of the regular expression
  • \/ – Match the slash character (since it has a special meaning in regular expressions, we need to escape it with a backslash)
  • (\d+) – Match one or more digits and capture them as a group (the parentheses around this section indicate that we want to capture it)
  • $ – Match the end of the string
  • / – End of the regular expression

To use this regular expression in JavaScript, we can use the match method of the string object. Here’s an example:

const url = "";
const id = url.match(/\/(\d+)$/)[1];
console.log(id); // Output: 42

This code will extract the ID from the URL and store it in the variable id.

Regular expressions can be complex, but with a little practice they become a powerful tool for working with text in JavaScript. Hopefully this tutorial has helped you understand how to extract IDs from nested URLs using regular expressions!

Best JavaScript Frameworks and Libraries to Retrieve IDs from URLs

If you need to retrieve IDs from URLs using JavaScript, there are several libraries and frameworks that can make your life easier. Below we have listed some of the best JavaScript frameworks and libraries to retrieve IDs from URLs:

  • jQuery: jQuery is a popular JavaScript library that provides a variety of features, including a simple way to extract IDs from URLs. It’s lightweight and easy to use, making it a popular choice for many developers.
  • URL.js: URL.js is another great library for working with URLs in JavaScript. It provides a simple way to extract different parts of a URL, including the ID.
  • URI.js: Similar to URL.js, URI.js is a library that provides a range of URL-related features, including the ability to extract IDs from URLs.
  • Path.js: Path.js is a lightweight library that focuses specifically on working with URL paths. It provides a simple and intuitive interface for extracting IDs from URLs.
  • Regex: For those who prefer to use regular expressions, it’s also possible to extract IDs from URLs using regex. This approach requires a bit more work, but provides greater flexibility and control.

Ultimately, the best framework or library to use for extracting IDs from URLs will depend on your specific needs and preferences. However, the options listed above should give you a good starting point for your search.

Adding Error Handling and Validation to Get IDs from URLs in JavaScript

When working with URLs in JavaScript, it is common to need to extract IDs from them in order to use them in other parts of your code. However, it is important to add error handling and validation to ensure that the IDs you are extracting are valid and safe to use.

One common method for extracting IDs from URLs is to use regular expressions. However, regular expressions can be complex and difficult to maintain, and they may not always catch all possible errors. A better approach is to use the built-in URLSearchParams API.

Here is an example of how to use URLSearchParams to extract an ID from a URL:

// Extract the ID from the URL
function getIDFromURL(url) {
  const searchParams = new URLSearchParams(url.split('?')[1]);
  const id = searchParams.get('id');
  // Validate the ID
  if (!id || !/^[0-9]+$/.test(id)) {
    throw new Error('Invalid ID: ' + id);
  return id;

In this example, we first split the URL at the ? character to get the query string. We then create a new URLSearchParams object to parse the query string. Finally, we use the get() method to extract the ID parameter from the query string.

After extracting the ID, we validate it using a regular expression to ensure that it consists only of digits. If the ID is not valid, we throw an Error with a message indicating the invalid ID. This ensures that any code using the ID will be aware of the error and can handle it appropriately.

By adding error handling and validation to your URL processing code, you can ensure that your code is more robust and less susceptible to bugs and security vulnerabilities.

Improving Performance by Caching IDs retrieved from URLs in the Browser

When building web applications, it is common to retrieve data from the server using the ID provided in the URL. For example, a user profile might be accessed by visiting the URL, where 42 is the ID of the user.

However, every time the page is loaded or navigated to, the ID needs to be retrieved from the URL and used to fetch the relevant data from the server. This can lead to slower page load times, especially if multiple items need to be retrieved.

One solution to this problem is to cache the IDs in the user’s browser. By using client-side storage mechanisms such as cookies or local storage, the ID can be stored and retrieved quickly, reducing the need to fetch it from the URL every time.

Here is an example of how to cache the ID using JavaScript and local storage:

const userId = parseInt(window.location.href.split('/').pop());
if (userId) {
  localStorage.setItem('userId', userId);

// Later, when the data needs to be fetched:
const cachedUserId = parseInt(localStorage.getItem('userId'));
if (cachedUserId) {
  // fetch data using cachedUserId

By caching the ID in this way, you can improve the performance of your web application and provide a faster, more user-friendly experience for your users.

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